Sign up for a newsletter and get a Free Leap Start Fertilizer Packet! www.mcshanesnursery.com/ /how-avocado-trees/ Steve McShane of McShanes Nursery and Landscape supply speaks about Avocado and other edible plants you can grow in your backyard! www.mcshanesnursery.com/ Editable Garden Hi Im Steve Mcshanes with Steve McShanes Nursery and today Im here to talk to you about Citrus and avocado. Today Im here to talk to you about the excitement of editable gardening. Specifically Citrus and avocado. Citrus and avocado do very well in through out most of our state. I'm going to focus on the fun of your own harvest out of your own garden and that where making your own food from wonderful things like avocados come from. This is a family recipe that going to knock your socks of my best friends and family members. But lets talks about what it takes to get to that point. First let me touch bases on avocados. Avocados do very very well a long the coast and some inline valleys. One of things that people are always concern about is How cold does it get near my house? Most avocado can take down about 28 degrees. Some of the Mexican varieties like forta can take it down to about 24 degrees. Hass everybody loves hass. Hass is a little bit more frost sensitive. Some of the best varieties that I recommend are forta, bacon. With that said avocados can do well. Selecting a good tree is key but more importantly is getting it established is really key. That is digging a whole that is two or three times the size of the container using a good planting mix a starter fertilizer and B1. Those are the three things that university of California tells us are keys to succeeding. A good planting mix like I have right here: This planting mix is well balanced. Its got organic material and bark conditioners including chicken manure that help loosen up the soil and allow for permeation and nutrients. A starter fertilizer applied to the whole is key. And now a days you can get these bio gradable tea bags that get thrown in the whole. Finally planting with the B1 using that with your primary watering is very very important. Some other tips to keeping your avocado happy and healthy continuously fertilizing is important Two, three times a year very very key certainly the spring as we go into the fall. Now a thing or two on Citrus. If you think avacdo is great. Citrus is even better because you can grow citrus is more of California. Some things I would say is look for the right variety for your area. This is here is a uracia lemon very good throughout most of the state. It can take it down to about 24 or 25 degrees. The other thing I look for is selecting a nice tree is look at this new growth very vagarious very happy. Like the avocado getting the tree established is very critical. Use a good planting mix, use B1 and use a starter fertilizer thats what the University of California tells us to use and thats what I tell everybody else. Some things I want to point first and for most. A lot of people ask about pruning citrus. I tell people Dont prun citrus unless you have too and when you do prun its better to prun in the spring then in the winter. Just because of frost concern. Some things to consider as well when selecting that tree for your backyard dwarf is the way to go. Dwarf citrus get to about 6 to 8 feet. You can see this tree right here is graphed. This graphed recognizes a root stock that has better disease resistant and keeps the tree with in size. This here being the variety that its chosen in the case of this a Mexican lime. Many many things to keep in mind. Often insects can be the concern as well I always like to use a horncortinal oil or a organic solutions. One of my favorites that have come on the market is this Caption Jakes dead bug brew. This is a fantastic solution. Its got spentic in its a organic and natural solution of fending off pests and Ill tell ya it really works. Another one of the exciting things I say is to try things like espasntaing citrus. Citrus is very flexible and with the right training over time. You can have a entire fence covered by a citrus tree. That produces your very own fruit. The real key is that you can grow citrus and avocado. And just like commercial producers in California we can succeed. There's nothing like editable gardening and citrus and avocado are super exciting and easy to grow in California.