Indonesia Raya (composed in 1924, "Indonesia Raja" in old Indonesian spelling) is the national anthem of the Republic of Indonesia. The song was introduced by its composer, Wage Rudolf Supratman, at 28 October 1928 in a national youth convention in Batavia (now Jakarta). The song marked the birth of the all-archipelago nationalist movement in Indonesia that supported the idea of one single "Indonesia" as successor to the Dutch East Indies, then split into several colonies. The first paper to openly publish the text "Indonesia Raya" - a daring act of defiance towards the Dutch authorities - was the Chinese Indonesian weekly Sin Po, a fact still noted with pride by the Chinese Indonesian community. It was chosen as the national anthem when Indonesia proclaimed its independence at 17 August 1945. Jozef Cleber created Indonesia Raya arrangement for philharmonic orchestra in 1950. This arrangement is widely been used currently for formal and some informal purposes. "Official Lyrics based on PP No. 4 tahun 1958" Used as the official national anthem ============================== Indonesia, tanah airku, tanah tumpah darahku. Di sanalah aku berdiri, jadi pandu ibuku. Indonesia, kebangsaanku, bangsa dan tanah airku. Marilah kita berseru, "Indonesia bersatu!" Hiduplah tanahku, hiduplah neg'riku, Bangsaku, rakyatku, semuanya. Bangunlah jiwanya, bangunlah badannya Untuk Indonesia Raya! CHORUS: Indonesia Raya, merdeka, merdeka Tanahku, neg'riku yang kucinta. Indonesia Raya, merdeka, merdeka Hiduplah Indonesia Raya! Translation: Indonesia, my native land The land where I shed my blood There, I stand To be the guard of my motherland Indonesia, my nationality My nation and my homeland Let us exclaim "Indonesia unites!" Long live my land, long live my state My nation, my people, entirely Build its soul, build its body For the Great Indonesia Great Indonesia, independent & sovereign! My land, my country which I love Great Indonesia, independent & sovereign! Long live Great Indonesia! Great Indonesia, independent & sovereign! My land, my country which I love Great Indonesia, independent & sovereign! Long live Great Indonesia!